Wednesday, October 23, 2019

Bihar

Bihar is a state in East India, bordering Nepal. It is divided by the River Ganges, which floods its fertile plains. Important Buddhist pilgrimage sites include the Bodhi Tree in Bodhgaya’s Mahabodhi Temple, under which the Buddha allegedly meditated. In the state capital Patna, Mahavir Mandir temple is revered by Hindus, while Sikhs worship at the domed, riverside Gurdwara of Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Ji.

Bihar
State
Great Buddha Statue, Bodh Gaya.jpg
Rajgir - 028 Bathing Pool at foot of Hill (9245042360).jpg
Nalanda University India ruins.jpg
Art of Mithla, Darbhanga, Bihar.jpg
Clockwise from top: Great Buddha Statue at Bodh Gaya, Ruins of ancient Nalanda University, Madhubani paintings from Mithila region, Brahma Kund hot springs in Rajgir
Official logo of Bihar
Emblem
Location of Bihar in India

Location of Bihar in India
Coordinates (Patna): 25.4°N 85.1°ECoordinates25.4°N 85.1°E
Country  India
Formation 22 March 1912
(Bihar Diwas)
Statehood 26 January 1950
Capital Patna
Largest city Patna
Districts 38
Government
 • Governor Lal Ji Tandon
 • Chief Minister Nitish Kumar (JD(U))
 • Deputy Chief Minister Sushil Kumar Modi[1] (BJP)
 • Legislature Bicameral
Legislative Council 75
Legislative Assembly 243
 • High Court Patna High Court
Area[2]
 • Total 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi)
Area rank 13th
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 103,804,637
 • Rank 3rd
 • Density 1,102/km2 (2,850/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Bihari
GDP (2016–17)[4]
 • Total ₹3.32 lakh crore(US$46 billion)
 • Per capita ₹29,178 (US$410)
Languages
 • Official Hindi[5]
 • Other recognized Maithili (recognized under the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India),[6] Urdu(in 15 districts)[7]
Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
UN/LOCODE INBR
ISO 3166 code IN-BR
Vehicle registration BR
HDI (2017) Increase 0.566[8] (medium) · 36th
Literacy (2011) 61.8%[9]
Sex ratio (2011) 918 /1000 [9]
Website gov.bih.nic.in

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